Original Research (Original Article) 


Consumption of Pulicaria undulata and Salvadora persica extracts is safe and has a growth promoter effect on broilers

Esraa M Elieba, Mohamed A Lebda, Nabil M Taha, Abdel-Wahab A Mandor, Mohammed A El-Magd.

Abstract
Background: Pulicaria undulata and Salvadora persica (miswak or siwak) are two herbal plants that have plenty of metabolites that can be used as health promoters, however to the best of our knowledge the growth-stimulatory effects of these herbal extracts were not addressed in broiler chickens. Aim: Our attempt here was to investigate the in vivo growth modulatory effect of S. persica and P. undulata extracts through monitoring their effects on growth performance parameters (body weight gain and feed conversion ratio) and to check whether their consumption is safe or not through evaluation of biochemical damage markers of liver (ALT and AST) and kidney (creatinine and uric acid) in broilers. Materials and methods: One day old chicks were divided into the following four groups (20 chickens/group): group 1 (G1, normal control group) given saline, G2 received 1200 mg/kg S. persica, G3 administrated 1250 mg/kg P. undulate, and G4 treated with S. persica (1200 mg/kg) and P. undulate (1250 mg/kg). All treatments were given orally by stomach gavage for 24 days (from the age of 13 to 37 days). Results: Administration of methanolic extracts of S. persica (G2) and P. undulate (G3) led to significant increases in the growth performance parameters as indicated by a significant elevation in the body weight gain and a significant decrease in the feed conversion ratio as compared to the control group (G1). Notably, administration of these two extracts might have no adverse effect on liver and kidney, as evidenced by insignificant change in their damage markers between the treated (G2-G4) and the control (G1) groups. Moreover, the combined treated group (G4) exhibited insignificant changes in growth when compared with G2 and G3 each alone, suggesting absence of synergism or antagonism between these two plants regarding growth promotion. Conclusions: feeding chicken with P. undulata and S. persica methanolic extracts significantly improved the growth performance parameters without damaging the liver and kidney, thereby these two plants could be individually added to chicken food as safe growth promotors.

Key words: Pulicaria undulata; Salvadora persica; growth promotor; broilers


 
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Pubmed Style

Elieba EM, Lebda MA, Taha NM, Mandor AA, El-Magd MA, . Consumption of Pulicaria undulata and Salvadora persica extracts is safe and has a growth promoter effect on broilers. AJMS. 2018; 1(1): 31-34. doi:10.5455/ajms.6


Web Style

Elieba EM, Lebda MA, Taha NM, Mandor AA, El-Magd MA, . Consumption of Pulicaria undulata and Salvadora persica extracts is safe and has a growth promoter effect on broilers. http://www.ajms.tk/?mno=9700 [Access: November 16, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ajms.6


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Elieba EM, Lebda MA, Taha NM, Mandor AA, El-Magd MA, . Consumption of Pulicaria undulata and Salvadora persica extracts is safe and has a growth promoter effect on broilers. AJMS. 2018; 1(1): 31-34. doi:10.5455/ajms.6



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Elieba EM, Lebda MA, Taha NM, Mandor AA, El-Magd MA, . Consumption of Pulicaria undulata and Salvadora persica extracts is safe and has a growth promoter effect on broilers. AJMS. (2018), [cited November 16, 2018]; 1(1): 31-34. doi:10.5455/ajms.6



Harvard Style

Elieba, E. M., Lebda, . M. A., Taha, . N. M., Mandor, . A. A., El-Magd, . M. A. & (2018) Consumption of Pulicaria undulata and Salvadora persica extracts is safe and has a growth promoter effect on broilers. AJMS, 1 (1), 31-34. doi:10.5455/ajms.6



Turabian Style

Elieba, Esraa M, Mohamed A Lebda, Nabil M Taha, Abdel-Wahab A Mandor, Mohammed A El-Magd, and . 2018. Consumption of Pulicaria undulata and Salvadora persica extracts is safe and has a growth promoter effect on broilers. Arabian journal of medical sciences, 1 (1), 31-34. doi:10.5455/ajms.6



Chicago Style

Elieba, Esraa M, Mohamed A Lebda, Nabil M Taha, Abdel-Wahab A Mandor, Mohammed A El-Magd, and . "Consumption of Pulicaria undulata and Salvadora persica extracts is safe and has a growth promoter effect on broilers." Arabian journal of medical sciences 1 (2018), 31-34. doi:10.5455/ajms.6



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Elieba, Esraa M, Mohamed A Lebda, Nabil M Taha, Abdel-Wahab A Mandor, Mohammed A El-Magd, and . "Consumption of Pulicaria undulata and Salvadora persica extracts is safe and has a growth promoter effect on broilers." Arabian journal of medical sciences 1.1 (2018), 31-34. Print. doi:10.5455/ajms.6



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Elieba, E. M., Lebda, . M. A., Taha, . N. M., Mandor, . A. A., El-Magd, . M. A. & (2018) Consumption of Pulicaria undulata and Salvadora persica extracts is safe and has a growth promoter effect on broilers. Arabian journal of medical sciences, 1 (1), 31-34. doi:10.5455/ajms.6